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Hybrid car history

Some people believe that the hybrid vehicle started in the early 20th century. In fact, hybrid vehicles have been around longer than you think. The beginning of hybrid technology was believed to have been in 1665, when Ferdinand Veriest and the Jesuit priest began working on a plan to create a simple four-wheel vehicle that could be powered by steam or horse-drawn. Then in 1769 when the steam wagon was invented. Although this carriage has the speed of six miles per hour, it is still difficult to maintain enough steam for a long distance trip. It was then improved upon when Gurney-worthy British inventor Golds built a steam car that successfully completed an 85-mile round-trip in ten hours. Then, in 1893, Moritz Von Jacobi sailed in an electric boat on the Neva, using a horsepower electromagnetic motor. And in or around that year was when Robert Anderson of Aberdeen, Scotland, built the first electric vehicle. However, the vehicle brought many problems such as limited autonomy and a difficult battery to recharge. It was later improved upon by David Salomon in 1870 when he developed an electric car with a lightweight electric motor, but still faced problems creating a battery that could be easily recharged.

Then in 1879, Dr. Werner Von Siemens built the first electric railway. The vehicle’s wheels were powered by an electric motor that drew its electricity from rails that were isolated from the ground and connected to a generator. And also in that decade, the year 1886, London business investors became interested in developing an electric taxi. The design was powered by a 28-cell battery system that would power a small electric motor. Even so, it did not come into regular use. Then came the year 1888, a company built a four-passenger carriage for the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire that runs on a horsepower motor and a 24-cell battery. And that same year, Manus Vol in Brighton, England, made a three-wheeled electric car.

Then, in 1897, the London Electric Cab Company began providing the city with regular service, using a cab powered by a 40-cell battery and a three-horsepower electric motor. It was named “Betsey Cab” after its inventor, Walter Betsey. The cabin can travel up to fifty miles before the battery needs to be recharged. The year 1897 rolled around, where the Pope Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Connecticut, built electric cars over a two-year period.

Then after that year came 1898, the year the world’s first hybrid car, the “mixed” gasoline-electric Loonier Porsche, was built by Dr. Ferdinand Porsche of Germany. Porsche gave the nickname “Aunt Eulalie” to the first series of hybrids, but officially it was called Simper Viv-us, which means “always alive. The first hybrid car can travel a distance of forty miles on just one battery. This The The car used a gasoline engine rotating at a constant speed to drive a dynamo, which charged a bank of accumulators. The accumulators then fed current to the electric motors contained in the front wheel hubs. Therefore, there was no need for driveshafts, transmission, gears, belts, chains or clutch.And due to the rapid success of the hybrid car, companies like Kroger, Lonee Porsche and Auto Mixtec produced thousands of hybrid cars in the year between 1902 and 1920.

The 1900s saw the creation of hybrid gas and electric cars in Belgium. It was developed by Pie per, a Belgian car manufacturer. He introduced a three-and-a-half horsepower engine, in which the small gasoline engine was linked to an electric motor that sits under the seat. The electric motor was, in effect, a generator that recharges the batteries while driving. However, when the car needed some extra power to go up a steep incline, the electric motor would kick in and provide a boost to the gasoline engine. And due to the popularity of hybrid electric cars, the Electric Vehicle Company built 2,000 taxis, trucks and buses, and established a subsidiary of taxi and car rental companies from New York to Chicago in early 1904. In 1905, a American engineer named H. Piper filed a patent for a gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle. His idea was to use an electric motor to assist an internal combustion engine, primarily to add the ICE to allow the vehicle to accelerate to 25 miles per hour in 10 seconds, instead of the usual 30 miles per hour. Then after three and a half years, the patent was issued. By this time, the engines had become powerful enough to achieve this kind of performance on their own.

In 1910, a company by the name of Commercial Built Truck, which used a four-cylinder gas engine to power a generator, eliminated the need for a transmission and Battery Park. This hybrid was built by the company in Philadelphia until 1918. Electric vapors and hybrid cars almost completely disappeared in 1913. Electric car sales dropped to 6,000 vehicles, while more than 180,000 gasoline cars were sold. Many automakers who still believe in the idea of ​​a hybrid car still go to great lengths to get hybrid cars back into production. Like Cleveland’s Baker and Chicago’s Woods, two major electric vehicle manufacturers offered hybrid cars that can reach a top speed of 35 mph and achieve 48 mph fuel efficiency. And the Woods Dual Power was more expensive and less powerful than its gasoline competition and was therefore a poor seller.

And then he considered that the year 1920 to 1965 became the dormant period for mass-produced electric and hybrid cars. However, hybrid vehicle technology did not disappear and its development continues. Many people still believe in hybrid technology. Hybrid vehicle technology becomes the answer to most global problems. As in 1966; The United States Congress introduced the first bills recommending the use of electric vehicles as a means of reducing air pollution. After a long period of silence, hybrid cars appeared again in 1969. The same year General Motors 512 was designed, it runs entirely on electric power at a speed of less than ten miles per hour. The vehicle ran on a combination of electric power and gas combustion at 10 to 13 miles per hour. The Arab oil embargo became a big problem in 1973. The price of gasoline skyrocketed, sparking new interest in electric vehicles. The US Department of Energy conducted a test on many electric and hybrid vehicles produced by various manufacturers, including the hybrid known as the Volkswagen Taxi that was produced by Volkswagen in Wolfsburg, West Germany. The Volkswagen Taxi was shown at car shows in the United States and Europe. It used a parallel hybrid setup that allowed flexible switching between the gasoline engine and the electric motor and logged more than 8,000 miles on the highway. Volkswagen Taxi is considered to have the highest efficiency rating of any hybrid it has ever exhibited up to that point. In 1974, engineers Victor Wok and Charlie Ros-en were part of the Federal Clean Car Incentive Program, creating a prototype gas hybrid electric vehicle using a Buick Skylark body. The vehicle was tested and certified to meet the strict guidelines of an EPA clean air car program by the US Environmental Protection Agency, but was later rejected. American Motors developed a fleet of electric trucks and delivered 352 electric trucks to the US Postal Service, which they tested extensively. Unfortunately, the project did not reach the level of success that everyone expected.

The years 1976 to 1980 were the year when hybrid technology has been of great help. The Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of 1976 and the United States Congress enacted Public Law 94-413 were among the goals of the act to work with industry to improve batteries, motors, controllers and other hybrid electrical components. And General Electric was chosen to build a parallel hybrid sedan. And Toyota built a small sports car with a gas turbine generator that powers an electric motor, making it Toyota’s first hybrid car. Audi introduced the first generation of the Audi Duo experimental vehicle in 1989. It is based on the Audi 100 Av-anti Quarto. It has a 12.6 horsepower electric motor, which drives the rear wheel instead of the propeller shaft. And also use a nickel cadmium battery to supply power. Two years after that, Audi introduced the second generation Duo, which is also based on the Audi 100 Av-anti Quarto. Toyota came back introducing the Pris in 1997, which is unique to its Japanese market. That year, the Pris sold 18,000 cars and appeared to be the first hybrid vehicle in the world to be significantly mass-marketed. Then Honda introduced the Insight, a two-door lightweight hybrid model that broke the American market in 1999. The vehicle could demonstrate a rating of 61 miles per gallon in the city and 70 miles per gallon on the highway.

The year 2000 has arrived and the door of the new century to hybrid technology opens. Many companies and automakers introduce and launch many new vehicles and improve their own hybrid vehicles. Toyota launched the first four-door hybrid sedan available in the United States in 2000. And Honda introduces Honda Civic Hybrids, its second available gasoline hybrid electric car. The appearance and demonstrability of the car were and still are identical to those of the conventional Civic. And in 2004, Toyota launched the Toyota Pris II, which won the 2004 Car of the Year award from Motor Trend magazine and the North American Auto Show. The demand for Toyota Pris II was surprising as they increased production from 36,000 to 47,000 for the US market. Many interested buyers waited up to six months to purchase the 2004 Taken. In addition, in September of that year, Ford launched the Escape Hybrid, the first American hybrid and the first hybrid SUV.

The sudden surge in oil product in 2007 had been a major crisis all over the world. And because of that, the production of cars and hybrid vehicles had increased. Many car companies and automakers around the world created many different types of hybrid vehicles. Some even convert their ordinary cars into hybrid cars. Many taxis in the Philippines had now one day been using Auto-gas, used as an automotive transportation fuel, or LP gas as an alternative to motorized gasoline. The development of this type of hybrid cars does help many people who are having a problem with the increase in the price of oil and it becomes the answer to the increase in the price of oil in the problem of air pollution.

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